Masjid al-Haram


Masjid al-Haram

Masjid al-Haram is the largest and essential mosque in the Islamic globe. Located in Makkah, the mosque houses Islam's holiest website, the Kaaba, and also obtains millions of pilgrims each year.



The Kaaba, also referred to as Baitullah, is a cubical structure at the centre of Mosque al-Haram in Makkah, considered to be one of the most sacred website in Islam. It is the structure towards which Muslims are anticipated to face during each Salah as well as is also integral to the ceremony of Tawaf, where it is enclosed by explorers performing Hajj and also Umrah.


Hajar al-Aswad

Hajar al-Aswad is a sacred rock framed with silver that has been positioned in the southeastern corner of the Kaaba, believed to have come down from heaven. According to a tradition of the Prophet, it was originally white in colour yet at some point transformed black as a result of soaking up the transgressions of guy. The Hajar al-Aswad is the starting as well as end point of each circuit throughout the rite of Tawaf, at which point explorers are supposed to kiss, touch or motion towards the rock as they pass it as part of a routine called Istilam.


Rukn al-Yamani

Rukn al-Yamani is situated in the southwestern edge of the Kaaba, contrary Hajar al-Aswad which lies on the other end of the southerly wall surface. Its name is derived from the reality that it encounters Yemen. According to a custom of the Prophet, Rukn al-Yamani, like Hajar al-Aswad, has the capacity of absolving wrongs. It is Sunnah to touch the edge, if possible, during the rite of Tawaf.


Hijr Ismail

Hijr Ismail likewise called the Hateem is a location adjacent to the Kaaba enclosed by a semi-circular wall surface.



The Multazam is the area between Hajar al-Aswad and the door of the Kaaba. It has to do with 2 metres wide and also is an area where supplications are accepted.


Safa and Marwa

Safa as well as Marwa are 2 small, enclosed hills beside the Kaaba within the district of Masjid al-Haram, between which explorers travel back and forth seven times throughout the routine of Sa'i. They are defined in the Quran as being amongst the signs or signs of Allah.



Zamzam is a well located within the district of Masjid al-Haram in close proximity to the Kaaba. The entry to the well was enclosed 2003, making it inaccessible to explorers, although Zamzam water can still be eaten by means of dispensers throughout the Haram.

Sites Associated with Hajj



Mina is a valley surrounded by mountains, situated to the east of Makkah roughly 6 kilometres away from Mosque al-Haram. A big part of the Hajj trip is invested in Mina, where greater than 100,000 tents are provided for pilgrims.



Arafat is an ordinary regarding 20 kilometres (12 miles) southeast of Makkah. On the 9th of Dhul Hijjah, explorers travel from Mina to Arafat to execute one of the most crucial rite of Hajj. It remained in Arafat that the Prophet ﷺ provided the Last Lecture throughout his Farewell Pilgrimage.



Muzdalifah is an open area located southeast of Mina on the path to Arafat. On the 9th of Dhul Hijjah, Hajj pilgrims invest the night in Muzdalifah.



The Jamarat are 3 rock structures positioned in Mina, which symbolically represent the areas where Shaytan continuously tried to discourage the Prophet Ibrahim ام from carrying out the command of Allah. These structures are pummelled by pilgrims with tiny stones throughout the days of Hajj as part of a ritual referred to as Rami al-Jamarat, which celebrates the actions of Ibrahim.


Jamarat Bridge

Jamarat Bridge is a pedestrian bridge in Mina used by Hajj explorers throughout the routine of Rami al-Jamarat. The bridge was first built in 1963, before being destroyed to pave the way for a brand-new multilevel framework at an expense of $1.7 billion.


Jamrat al-Ula

Jamrat al-Ula, likewise known as Jamrat al-Sughra, is just one of the 3 Jamarat at which stones are thrown by Hajj pilgrims performing the routine of Rami during Ayyam al-Tashreeq. It is the very first of the three pillars from the instructions of Mina.


Jamrat al-Wusta

Jamrat al-Wusta is just one of the three Jamarat at which pebbles are tossed by Hajj pilgrims executing the ritual of Rami during Ayyam al-Tashreeq. It is situated between Jamrat al-Aqaba and also Jamrat al-Ula.


Jamrat al-Aqaba

Jamrat al-Aqaba, likewise known as Jamrat al-Kubra, is just one of the 3 Jamarat at which pebbles are tossed by Hajj pilgrims throughout the ritual of Rami on Yawm al-Nahr and Ayyam al-Tashreeq. It is the last of the three pillars from the instructions of Mina.

Buildings & Landmarks


Bayt al-Mawlid

Bayt al-Mawlid is the birth place of the Prophet. He was born on Monday 12 Rabi al-Awwal (April 22, 570 CE) in the Year of the Elephant.


Bir Tuwa – The Well of Tuwa

Bir Tuwa is a well alongside which the Prophet camped for one evening, before bathing with its water the next morning, carrying out Salah and entering Makkah.


Cave of Hira

The Cavern of Hira, located near the summit of Jabal al-Noor, is where the Prophet obtained the first Quranic discovery. Before the revelation, he would frequently pull back to the cavern to find tranquility, seclusion and also a chance to reflect as well as meditate.


Cave of Thawr

The Cave of Thawr is famous for having protected the Prophet as well as his close buddy Abu Bakr al-Siddiq from Quryash search parties as they were migrating from Makkah to Madinah.



Jannat al-Mualla

Jannat al-Mualla is the major burial ground in Makkah, real estate the tombs of numerous noticeable individuals consisting of the wife of the Prophet ﷺ, their two kids as well as many buddies, scholars as well as exemplary individuals.


Grave of Maymuna bint al-Harith

The Tomb of Maymuna bint al-Harith, the wife of the Prophet, lies in Saraf, a community 20 kilometres north of Makkah. She was hidden underneath the tree where she obtained wed to the Prophet.


Grave of Abdullah ibn Umar

The Tomb of Abdullah ibn Umar, the kid of Umar ibn al-Khattab and also the brother-in-law of the Prophet.



Jabal al-Noor

Jabal al-Noor is a hill where the Prophet would certainly hang out venerating as well as reflecting. He obtained the very first revelation in the Cave of Hira located near the summit of the mountain.


Jabal al-Thawr

Jabal al-Thawr is a mountain located four kilometres south of Makkah recognized for its cave that sheltered the Prophet and his close buddy Abu Bakr al-Siddiq from Meccan search parties.


Jabal al-Rahmah

Jabal al-Rahmah, also called Jabal Arafat, is a little mountain in Arafat, at the base of which the Prophet supplicated throughout his goodbye expedition. On the 9th of Dhul Hijjah, thousands of explorers gather around this mountain during one of the most crucial ceremony of Hajj.


Jabal Abu Qubais

Jabal Abu Qubais is a hill located alongside Mosque al-Haram where the Prophet is reported to have divided the moon in half. Presently, just residues of the hill stay as a result of the ongoing expansion of Mosque al-Haram.



Masjid Aisha

Mosque Aisha, likewise known as Mosque al-Taneem, is a mosque located at the site where Aisha was advised by the Prophet to become part of Ihram in order to perform Umrah during the Farewell Pilgrimage. It is the local and also most convenient place to participate in Ihram for those staying within the limits of the Haram.


Masjid al-Jinn

Masjid al-Jinn, also referred to as Mosque al-Bayah, is a mosque situated on the site where a group of Jinn embraced Islam after hearing the Qur'an.


Masjid al-Mashar al-Haram

Mosque Mashar al-Haram is a mosque positioned in Muzdalifah which notes the area where the Prophet supplicated throughout his Farewell Trip. It lies midway between Masjid al-Khayf in Mina as well as Mosque al-Namirah in Arafat.


Masjid al-Namirah

Masjid al-Namirah, located in Wadi Uranah, notes the location where the Prophet camped before providing his final sermon on the plain of Arafat. Throughout Hajj, on the Day of Arafat, a lecture is delivered by the Imam of the mosque before Dhuhr and Asr petitions are done together.


Masjid al-Khayf

Masjid al-Khayf lies near the tiniest Jamarat at the base of the mountain in the south of Mina and also is considered one of the most essential mosque in this field. It is right here that the Prophet and 70 various other prophets before him had done Salah.


Masjid al-Bayah

Masjid al-Bayah, likewise referred to as Masjid al-Aqaba, is situated near Mina and also it is the site where 2 essential promises of obligation were made by the Ansar of Madinah, which led to the movement of the Prophet to the city.


Masjid al-Fath

Masjid al-Fath is a mosque which marks the area where the Prophet camped together with 10,000 companions, en route to overcome Makkah.


Masjid al-Hudaibiyah

Masjid al-Hudaibiyah is a mosque which marks the location of the Treaty of Hudaibiyah, a peace contract between the Prophet and also the Quraysh tribe of Makkah. Today, it is made use of as a Miqat for explorers planning to participate in Ihram.


Masjid al-Ijabah

Masjid al-Ijabah is just one of the oldest mosques in Makkah, having actually been constructed around 3 AH (624 CE). The Prophet is reported to have actually hoped in this place.


Masjid al-Ji’ranah

Masjid al-Ji'ranah is a mosque which marks the location where the Prophet entered into Ihram after returning from the Fight of Hunayn. It is one of the assigned Miqat factors for people residing within the location of the Haram who have the intent of doing Hajj or Umrah.


Masjid al-Rayah

Masjid al-Rayah, additionally referred to as Masjid al-Jowdariyyah, was a mosque which noted the site on which the Prophet erected a flag to celebrate the successful occupation of Makkah. The mosque was demolished in 2009 (1431 AH).


Masjid al-Shajarah

Masjid al-Shajarah, or Mosque of the Tree, notes the place where the Prophet summoned a neighboring tree which approached him and also stood in front of him, prior to going back to its location.



Wadi al-Muhassab

Wadi al-Muhassab is a valley where the Prophet stopped, performed his prayers and rested when travelling from Mina to Makkah.


Wadi Muhassar

Wadi Muhassar is a valley located in between Mina and Muzdalifah. It is a Sunnah to stroll briskly through this location when crossing between both sites. It is likewise reported to be the location where the army of Abraha was ruined as they marched towards Makkah, as pointed out in Surah al-Fil.


Wadi Uranah

Wadi Uranah is a valley positioned simply outside the border of Arafat, next to Masjid al-Namirah, where the Prophet provided the Last Preaching during his Farewell Expedition.

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